EPA RMP Rule
Risk Management - Chemical Accidental Release Prevention
The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) recently
promulgated the Risk Management Program (RMP) rule for Chemical
Accident Release Prevention. If a regulated chemical is present
in a process at or above its threshold quantity, the rule requires
the facility to develop and implement a risk management program
to minimize the potential for and severity of chemical accidents.
(The regulated toxic chemicals and flammable substances are listed
on the reverse side with their respective threshold quantity.)
More than 100,000 processes are expected to be affected by this
RMP is a result of the Clean Air Act (CAA). CAA
mandated that OSHA and EPA each develop chemical risk management
rules. OSHA met that goal in 1992 with its Process Safety Management
(PSM) standard. EPA has incorporated elements of the PSM standard
into the RMP rule. The RMP rule has four main components:
Not all facilities utilizing regulated substances
pose the same risk. For this reason, the RMP has three program
categories with varying levels of complexity. Facilities must
determine which program applies to an affected process prior to
formulating a risk management strategy.
Program 1 A minimal program
for facilities with no history of off-site accidents and no
public receptors in the area of risk.
Program 2 An expanded program
for facilities that do not fit into Program 1 or Program 3.
Program 3 A comprehensive program
aimed at facilities subject to the OSHA PSM standard or SIC
codes 2611, 2812, 2819, 2821, 2865, 2869, 2873, 2879, or 2911.
Facilities were required to submit a Risk Management Plan prior
to June 21, 1999, including:
Off-site consequence analysis
Five-year accident history
Emergency response plan
Prevention program summary information
PSM Technical Services, Inc. can
help you develop and implement the requirements of this regulation,
and assist your staff in achieving more than just compliance.